Graduates are expected to

  • Provide health services to the surrounding community, taking into account its privacy, in accordance with international standards.
  • Show appropriate and adequate knowledge of basic medical, clinical, statistical and behavioral sciences, along with the ability to incorporate and apply this knowledge to maintain health and treat patients.
  • Have a wide range of clinical skills that enable him to provide patients with adequate care to effectively address health problems, while optimizing the resources available to provide patients with optimal care
  • Acquire and display personal and communication skills that enable him to effectively exchange information with patients, their families and professional and community partners.
  • Be able to review and evaluate his/her own practices in patient care; evaluate and absorb scientific evidences and scientific research results, leading to improved patient care outcomes.
  • Be able to participate in medical research of all kinds.
  • Be familiar with the rules and systems of quality in medical services and management of health systems locally and globally.
  • Begin the professional medical life with a determination, willingness and readiness for lifelong learning, to update medical information and develop personal and professional skills.
  • Be committed to all rules of medical ethics at the internationally recognized level.
  • Have the advanced skills that enable him to deal with all the modern technological applications related to education and medical education.

General specifications for graduates

First: the competence of the graduate as a primary health care provider
The graduate must provide good, safe and patient-centered care, relying on the integration of knowledge and clinical skills and commitment to professional values. The graduates must collect and interpret information, take clinical decisions and carry out diagnostic tests and therapeutic interventions within the limits of his/her experience; while taking into account the patient's circumstances and choices as well as the availability of resources. The graduate must therefore be able to

•    Take and record patient histories in a structured, patient-centered manner.
•    Perform complete physical examination appropriate for age and sex in a timely manner, taking into account the cultural sensitivity of the patient.
•    Determine appropriate diagnostic tests and interpret their results, taking into account the cost and effectiveness.
•    Perform diagnostic and intervention procedures in a skilled and safe manner; and adapt to unexpected results or change of the pathological condition.
•    Use patient history, physical examination and results of diagnostic tests in an integrated manner to formulate a meaningful diagnosis.
•    Develop patient-centered treatment plans in partnership with the patient, family and other health professionals, as appropriate, using evidence-based medicine.
•    Adopt strategies and implement measures that promote patient safety.
•    Identify priorities to be addressed during patient interview.
•    Solve clinical problems through Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) by retrieving, analyzing and evaluating relevant information in published research, using information technology and library resources.
•    Apply the knowledge of biomedical clinical sciences related to the patient's problem.
•    Identify and respond to the complexities, uncertainties and ambiguities that a graduate may face during medical practice.
•    Evaluate the mental state of the patient.
•    Sympathy for patients and their problems in a holistic manner.
•    Respect the rights of patients and involve them and / or their families in remedial decisions.
•    Provide adequate care in emergency situations, including basic first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and immediate bioaccumulation procedures.
•    Use appropriate pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods to prevent, reduce or stop the feeling of pain.
•    Provide palliative care for people with serious illnesses with the aim of alleviating suffering and improving the quality of life for them.
•    Contribute to the care of patients and their families at the end of life, including treating symptoms and solving problems related to the law and certificates.

Second: the competence of the graduate as a health promoter
The graduate should support the development of community and individual measures that promote the state of health. A graduate should encourage individuals and communities to practice healthy behaviors, use his/her knowledge and skills to prevent disease, reduce mortality and promote a good lifestyle. The graduate must therefore be able to

•    Identify the underlying factors of health and the principles of health improvement.
•    Identify economic, psychological, social and cultural factors that interfere with recovery and well-being.
•    Discuss the role of nutrition and physical activity in health.
•    Identify major health risks in the community, including occupational and environmental risks, endemic diseases and common chronic diseases.
•    Describe the principles of the disease prevention plan and implement health education programs for individuals, groups or a particular community.
•    Identify the epidemiology of common diseases within the community, and apply methodological means that help to reduce the incidence of these diseases and their prevalence.
•    Identify the role of environmental and occupational risks in ill health and discuss ways to mitigate their effects.
•    Provide care for various groups including pregnant women, newborns, infants, adolescents and elderly.
•    Identify vulnerable individuals who may suffer abuse or negligence and take appropriate action to protect them.
•    Adopt appropriate anti-infection measures.
•    Empower communities by increasing their awareness and capacity building.

Third: the competence of the graduate as a professional
The graduate must abide by professional and ethical laws, standards of practice and the laws governing practice. The graduate must therefore be able to

•    Demonstrate proper professional behaviors, both in practice and relations in terms of honesty, integrity, commitment, compassion and respect.
•    Adhere to professional and ethical rules, standards and laws governing this practice.
•    Adhere to the list of professional ethics issued by the General Syndicate of Egyptian Physicians.
•    Respect different cultural beliefs and values in the society the graduate serves.
•    Treat all patients alike and avoid stigmatization of any category in respect of their cultural, social, ethnic or disability backgrounds.
•    Ensure the confidentiality and privacy of patient information.
•    Learn the basics of the medical legal aspects of practice and misconduct; and avoid common medical errors.
•    Identify and deal with conflicts of interest.
•    Identify the limits of knowledge and skills and refer patients to the appropriate health authority at the appropriate stage.
•    Recognize and report any unethical or immoral behavior or physical or mental conditions related to himself/herself, colleagues or any other person who may endanger the safety of patients.

Fourth: the competence of the graduate as a scientist and researcher
The graduate must build his/her clinical practice based on knowledge of the scientific principles and methods of basic medical and social sciences; apply this knowledge in clinical care; and use it as the basis for clinical reasoning, care provision, and professional and research development. The graduate must therefore be able to

•    Describe the natural structure of the body and its main organs; and explain its functions.
•    Explain the molecular, biochemical and cellular mechanisms that are important in maintaining the balance of the body.
•    Identify the major changes that occur to humans during growth and the impact of growth and progress in age and aging on the individual and one’s family.
•    Explain the natural behavior of man and apply the theoretical frameworks of psychology to explain the diverse responses of individuals, groups and communities to the disease.
•    Identify the different causes of the disease (genetic factors, growth, metabolism, toxins, microbes, autoimmune diseases, tumors, degenerative causes, or trauma) and explain the ways in which they affect the body (disease).
•    Describe the changes that occur to the body and organ-functions in various diseases and conditions.
•    Describe the procedures to be taken when dealing with drugs: treatment, pharmacokinetics, side effects and drug interactions, including multiple treatments, long-term and non-prescription drugs;
•    Identify the scientific basis of the common diagnostic methods and interpret their results, including: different types of imaging, cardiology, chemical analysis, pathological studies, and functional evaluation tests.
•    Demonstrate practical skills in basic sciences relevant to future practice.

Fifth: The competence of the graduate as a leader member of the health team and part of the health care system
The graduate must work and collaborate effectively with doctors and other colleagues in the field of health care and show awareness and respect for their role in providing safe and effective care centered around the patient and the community. He/she must be committed to his/her role as part of the health care system, while respecting the functional hierarchy and rules. He/she must also use his/her managerial and leadership skills to add value to the health care system. The graduate must therefore be able to

•    Recognize the important role that other health care professions play in the treatment of patients.
•    Respect other healthcare professionals and cooperate with them to treat the patient effectively.
•    Apply leadership skills to enhance teamwork and health care delivery.
•    Implement strategies to promote understanding, address differences and resolve conflicts in a way that supports cooperative action.
•    Negotiate in cases of overlapping or shared responsibilities with doctors and other colleagues in the field of health care.
•    Contribute to joint decision-making with doctors and other colleagues in the field of health care.
•    Prepare to participate in all types of activities that bring together the various professionals in the field of health care, including cooperative and joint education.
•    Communicate effectively using a written health record, an electronic medical record, or any other digital technology.
•    Evaluate his/her work and work with others using constructive feedback.
•    Identify the limits of personal and professional possibilities and ask for help from colleagues and supervisors when necessary.
•    Refer patient care to another health care professional to facilitate the continuity of patient care safely.
•    Apply the basic knowledge of the health economy to ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of the health care system.
•    Use health information systems to improve the quality of patient care.
•    Document the patient's visit in a precise, complete, timely and easily accessible manner in compliance with regulatory and legal regulations.
•    Improve the delivery of health services by applying continuous quality improvement methods.
•    Show responsibility to patients, community and profession.

Sixth: the competence of the graduate as a lifelong learner
The graduate must demonstrate their continued commitment to excellence in practice through continuing education and professional development. He/she should also reflect on his/her own performance and plan to develop himself/herself by taking advantage of all possible learning resources. The graduate must be a curiosity-seeker with the correct methodology of scientific research when dealing with uncertainties in practices and knowledge gaps and when contributing to the development of his/her profession as well as to develop himself/herself academically. The graduate must therefore be able to

•    Reflect on his/her performance and evaluate regularly using different performance indicators and sources of information.
•    Develop, implement, follow up and review a personal plan of learning in order to promote professional practice
•    Identify opportunities and use different resources for learning.
•    Engage in cooperative learning in order to continuously improve the graduate’s practice of the profession and contribute to the collective improvement of practice.
•    Identify uncertainties and knowledge gaps in clinical and other practices and develop specific questions to address them.
•    Manage time and learning resources effectively with prioritization.
•    Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of scientific research, including ethical aspects, scientific inquiry and the role of evidence derived from research in health care.
•    Contribute to research study.
•    Critically evaluate published research studies in terms of integrity, credibility, and applicability.
•    Analyze and use numerical data including the use of basic statistical methods.
•    Summarize and present relevant research findings to the general and professional audience.